Video Database Design: Convivial Storytelling Tools
Glorianna Davenport, Lee Morgenroth

IC Technical Report
April 1994.


Traditionally video and film stories have been developed by a single author for a single release movie. Increasingly, video databases will be constructed as content libraries. These libraries will be used to deliver personalized messages to people who know very little about video story construction or editing. The challenge in making these systems usable is to develop story telling tools for those unsophisticated users.

Story generation presumes some input by the user, first to create appropriate video description and second to suggest a story to tell. This paper offers an overview of some methods of description which have been associated with particular types of video logging and databases in the past. A general problem with these systems has been how to develop video annotations with efficiency and consistency. A new approach, story based annotation, is proposed. In this method a tool set is used for creating a top down story abstraction. Coupled with automatic database selection, this tool set allows the user to encode story based annotations and expert knowledge about editing into the database while producing stories. As the database grows, it becomes structured and annotated by a process appropriate to the medium, namely storytelling. This structuring process optimizes the database for retrieval of video in a story form.

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